Docker为网络bridge模式指定容器ip的方法

  • 2022-07-20 21:43:10

前言

众所周知bridge模式是docker默认的网络设置,此模式会为每一个容器分配network namespace、设置ip等,并将一个主机上的docker容器连接到一个虚拟网桥上。下面来看看docker为网络bridge模式指定容器ip的方法。

实现方法

如果只是简单创建一个bridge模式的网络是无法给容器指定ip的

[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker network create --driver bridge wordpress_net
ad1ff3d972e8bfe6d992a8403a98f46784aa75d5514adbf35ee6ae4528513be7
[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker network ls
network id   name    driver    scope
38fab5c74b87  bridge    bridge    local    
f0cf94dd0c5e  host    host    local    
465a31c55aa1  none    null    local    
ad1ff3d972e8  wordpress_net  bridge    local 

已创建一个wordpress_net的网络,在这个网络模块上创建一个容器,并指定ip

[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker run -d --name db_mysql -m 220m --memory-swap 220m -v /data/docker_project/db_mysql/data:/var/lib/mysql -v /data/docker_project/db_mysql/conf:/etc/mysql/conf.d -e mysql_root_password=qwe123 --network=wordpress_net --ip=172.18.0.2 mysql:5.7
da497e56bd4b0f3434dd4f81534096574d167354dc508b657ceb390ba8e63771
docker: error response from daemon: user specified ip address is supported only when connecting to networks with user configured subnets.

提示了一个错误,若要配置ip,则需要给这个网络指定一个subnet。所以重新搞一个网络。

docker network create --driver bridge --subnet 172.25.0.0/16 wordpress_net


[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker network inspect wordpress_net 
[
 {
  "name": "wordpress_net",
  "id": "925e64493df9b674ef9bdadaae380c8a335aa6353e48b447cb5d910df19c3a3e",
  "scope": "local",
  "driver": "bridge",
  "enableipv6": false,
  "ipam": {
   "driver": "default",
   "options": {},
   "config": [
    {
     "subnet": "172.25.0.0/16"
    }
   ]
  },
  "internal": false,
  "containers": {},
  "options": {},
  "labels": {}
 }
]

在给容器指定一个ip

[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker run -d --name my_vpn -m 100m --memory-swap 100m -e wordpress_db_host=172.25.0.2 -e wordpress_db_user=root -e wordpress_db_password=qwe123 -e wordpress_db_name=myvpn -p 8001:80 --network=wordpress_net wordpress:4.6
096518d84419476f71647a8c70c91c3f336ef8772af50672b88a9c1fd7b3a719
[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker ps -a
container id  image     command     created    status      ports     names
096518d84419  wordpress:4.6   "/entrypoint.sh apach" 47 seconds ago  up 47 seconds    0.0.0.0:8001->80/tcp my_vpn
6d23ed99db20  wordpress:4.6   "/entrypoint.sh apach" about a minute ago up about a minute   0.0.0.0:8000->80/tcp my_wordpress
ade42edf5a93  mysql:5.7    "docker-entrypoint.sh" 3 minutes ago  up 3 minutes    3306/tcp    db_mysql

正常创建

查看网卡信息

[root@vultrvpn conf.d]# docker network inspect wordpress_net 
[
 {
  "name": "wordpress_net",
  "id": "925e64493df9b674ef9bdadaae380c8a335aa6353e48b447cb5d910df19c3a3e",
  "scope": "local",
  "driver": "bridge",
  "enableipv6": false,
  "ipam": {
   "driver": "default",
   "options": {},
   "config": [
    {
     "subnet": "172.25.0.0/16"
    }
   ]
  },
  "internal": false,
  "containers": {
   "096518d84419476f71647a8c70c91c3f336ef8772af50672b88a9c1fd7b3a719": {
    "name": "my_vpn",
    "endpointid": "e44636c2b3a49d4aedaad68cd6ca17aea3a9fe4f71afecb27219a6412701536a",
    "macaddress": "02:42:ac:19:00:04",
    "ipv4address": "172.25.0.4/16",
    "ipv6address": ""
   },
   "6d23ed99db20f17d99dd5dcf6cc65f5ced8cb936917dee044914cf278179150c": {
    "name": "my_wordpress",
    "endpointid": "3c765d5953428c1d66be584eb0d34b58f6eee3f598e3a37263d54d77e2b87263",
    "macaddress": "02:42:ac:19:00:03",
    "ipv4address": "172.25.0.3/16",
    "ipv6address": ""
   },
   "ade42edf5a934b02f7bb741bd5a45a282a50d3a49e9f1866579e8f93fef22a0e": {
    "name": "db_mysql",
    "endpointid": "2322bfb9da72b3b6db68d59cea97172e66b960ca5b782bd2fa7d09f9c93f0288",
    "macaddress": "02:42:ac:19:00:02",
    "ipv4address": "172.25.0.2/16",
    "ipv6address": ""
   }
  },
  "options": {},
  "labels": {}
 }
]

总结

以上就是这篇文章的全部内容了,希望本文的内容对大家能有所帮助,如果有疑问大家可以留言交流。

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