Redis — CentOS6.4安装Redis以及安装PHP客户端phpredis

一、安装Redis 1.下载安装包 wgethttp://download.redis.io/releases/redis-2.8.6.tar.gz 2.解压包 tarxzfredis-2.8.6.tar.gz 3.编译 cdredis-2.8.6 make 出现 -bash:make:commandnotfind错误 解决方法: rpm -qa | grep make 提示只安装了automake包 yum in

一、安装Redis

1.下载安装包

wget http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-2.8.6.tar.gz

2.解压包

tar xzf redis-2.8.6.tar.gz

3.编译

cd redis-2.8.6

make

出现 “-bash:make:command not find”错误

解决方法:

rpm -qa | grep make

提示只安装了automake包

yum install make

yum install imake

OK!

make /*再次编译*/

4.编译测试

make test

提示“You need tcl 8.5 or newer in order to run the Redis test”错误

解决方法:

安装tcl

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/tcl/tcl8.6.1-src.tar.gz

cd tcl8.6.1-src

cd unix

./configure --prefix=/usr \

--without-tzdata \

--mandir=/usr/share/man \

$([ $(uname -m) = x86_64 ] && echo --enable-64bit) &&

make &&sed -e "s@^\(TCL_SRC_DIR='\).*@\1/usr/include'@" \

-e "/TCL_B/s@='\(-L\)\?.*unix@='\1/usr/lib@" \

-i tclConfig.shmake install &&

make install-private-headers &&

ln -v -sf tclsh8.6 /usr/bin/tclsh &&

chmod -v 755 /usr/lib/libtcl8.6.so

再次测试编译

cd redis-2.8.6

make test

4.配置redis

vim redis.conf

daemonize yes #使得进程在后台运行

dir /usr/lcoal/redis/db #磁盘存储redis数据库文件位置

5.启动redis

cd src

./redis-server

提示“Warning: no config file specified,using the default config.In order to specify a config file use ./redis-server /path/to/redis.conf”以及“WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0!Background save may fail under low memory condition.To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory=1' to /etc/sysctl.conf....“两个警告

安装提示操作:

①修改sysctl文件,/sbin/sysctl -p,使修改生效

②./redis-server /etc/redis.conf 以这种方式启动redis服务 (我将配置文件移到了/etc目录下)

6.体验redis

> cd src

> ./redis-cli #启动redis客户端

> ping

PONG

> set foo bar

OK

> get foo

"bar"

> incr mycounter

(integer) 1

> incr mycounter

(integer) 2

7.安装redis

将redis二进制文件安装在/usr/local/bin目录

make install

8.redis安全

进入redis客户端默认无需密码,可通过配置文件修改密码

① vim /etc/redis.conf

加上:requirepass cJHzy2Z2T8csYspcwwsODHApNko9tg

② 重启redis

kill 26743redis进程号)

/usr/local/bin/redis-server /etc/redis.conf

③ 使用redis

/usr/local/bin/redis-cli 也可/usr/local/bin/redis-cli -a 密码 进入客户端

> set h2 helloworld

(error) NOAUTH Authentication required.

> auth cJHzy2Z2T8csYspcwwsODHApNko9tg

OK

> get h2

(nil)

> set h3 abc

> get h3

"abc"

也可通过config set命令动态修改密码

> config get requirepass

1) "requirepass"

2) "cJHzy2Z2T8csYspcwwsODHApNko9tg"

> config set requirepass UHLc565HXduJ5730g8tAcsvNxRUQhY

OK

> auth UHLc565HXduJ5730g8tAcsvNxRUQhY

> set h6 kkkkk

OK

> get h6

"kkkkk"

> exit

查看配置文件,还是原密码,表示config未保存至配置文件

requirepass cJHzy2Z2T8csYspcwwsODHApNko9tg

二、安装redisphp客户端

1.安装git

yum install git

git clone https://github.com/nicolasff/phpredis.git

2.用phpize扩展php扩展模块

/usr/bin/phpize

出现”Cannot find config.m4.Make sure that you run '/usr/bin/phpize' in the top level source direcotory of the module“错误

解决方法:

wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/m4/m4-1.4.9.tar.gz
tar -zvxf m4-1.4.9.tar.gz
cd m4-1.4.9/
./configure && make && make install

还是不行,接着

cd phpredis

/usr/bin/phpize (里面有config.m4所以可以使用phpize)

ok!

3.配置

./configure --with-php-config=/usr/bin/php-config

4.编译和安装

make && make install

5.修改php的配置文件

cd/etc/php.d

vim redis.ini

加上extension=redis.so

6.重启apache

service httpd restart

7.测试

phpinfo();查看redis是否正确安装

三、参考资料

redis官网 http://redis.io/

redis命令 http://redis.io/commands

tcl安装 http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/cvs/general/tcl.html

通过epel 安装redis http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6364150101019701.html

http://www.codesky.net/article/201110/170019.html

EPEL(Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL

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